Authentic  Russian Buran Space Shuttle Model
Part of the International Space Collection of  HighTechScience.org

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  This is a hand made, model of the Russian
Buran Space Shuttle
which was built by the Molniya Company.

It is an authentic piece
of Russian Space History.

The model is 11.5 inches in length. It is made from resin and was produced as a production design model by the Molniya company (original producer of Soviet space shuttle Buran). The model represents the BTS-002, Buran test bed-full size atmospheric prototype of the orbital space shuttle.
This picture shows the incredible detail that went into the making of this model.

  The Buran BTS-002, one of a total of 8 Buran vehicles produced, was tested between 1985-1988 by three teams of two pilots who made 24 flights. The BTS-002 shuttle was outfitted with four 18,000 pound-thrust Lyuika jet engines. 

The Buran was launched by the world's most powerful rocket engine, Energia on November 15, 1988. It returned from its two orbits and landed like a conventional airplane, controlled entirely by computers.
   To transport Buran from the space center Baikonur to the launch pad they used rails with a powerful locomotive. Originally, they had planned to launch the shuttle only 3-4 times a year in addition to the 100 rocket launches usually made. Unlike the American shuttle the Buran was only going to be used for missions which could not be done by other craft. These missions included repair missions and return of old satellites which could not be done by the small Soyuz spacecraft, it was also going to be launched to dock with the current Mir station to deliver crew and supplies and bringing home scientific material.

NASA Space Shuttle & Buran/Energia Shuttle

    The Buran is not launched like the U.S. space shuttle. NASA uses 2 solid rocket boosters (SRB's) and 3 liquid engines fueled by an external tank filled with oxygen and hydrogen to boost it into orbit. The Russians on the other hand uses just one giant rocket, in fact it is the largest and most powerful rocket in the world. It's name is Energiya, it can lift 100 tons. It stands 60 meters high and produces a thrust of 4000 tons. With the shuttle Buran attached it can still lift 30 tons, this is 5 tons more than the shuttle can with it's 25 tons.

    Buran is/was more expensive to launch because the engines on the Energiya rocket burn up in the atmosphere and are not reused like the American SRB's and 3 liquid engines mounted on the shuttle. Unlike the American shuttle, Buran does not help to boost itself into orbit, Energiya does all the work. The rocket is currently not in use because all of the satellites launched are relatively small and only require a small rocket like a Proton to boost into orbit. When the Russian space program was still going strong they had planned to use the Energia to boost a new space station into orbit (Mir2) consisting of several modules each weighing 100 tons. The current  Mir only consists of modules weighing 20 tons and the ISS will also consist of modules weighing 20 tons because that is the maximum weight the Proton rocket can carry and the shuttle can launch when it has to reach the inclination and height of the new station.

     Transport of people to the new Russian station was also going to be made by Buran with the Soyuz only acting as a rescue vehicle but as you probably have noticed those plans were scraped because of the lack of funds.

Here is our Buran Space Shuttle Model together with our Buran Cockpit Window
on display at the
Museum of Discovery & Science
in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

Here is our Buran Space Shuttle together with our Buran Window on display at the Museum of Discovery in Fort Lauderdale, Florida

In July, 2003 we were fortunate enough to actually acquire an authentic window assembly from the Buran Spacecraft
Click Here for Pictures & Information

We also have a  MIR Space Station Window Assembly
in our collection.
  Click Here for Pictures & Info.


Click Here to view our other spacecraft models

This is just part of the  Space Collection  from the
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