Authentic  Russian Toru Space Station Docking System
Part of the International Space Collection of  HighTechScience.org

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The TORU system serves as a backup to the automatic
Kurs system, providing navigational data for spacecraft docking maneuvers. It was used on the MIR, Salyut and also on the International Space Station (ISS).

This is the TORU Docking System on display
at the 2000 World's Fair in Hannover, Germany.

The system consisted of 3 control boards, a TV monitor & joysticks.

Main Toru Docking System Sensor Board

This sensor board helped the cosmonauts to control the parameters of different systems of the station. The board has schematics painted on the surface and indicator lights to show completion of each circuit.

Main Control Panel for the Toru Docking System

The PU PBS Control Panel was for the onboard Piloting Station of the Toru. It was used in the Salyut, ISS and the MIR Space Station and was the main control board for the Toru system.

The Command Calculations Board which is part of the Toru Docking System

The PVK Control Panel is a device for command calculations. It consists of push button switches, indicator lights and old type digital displays.


These devices were responsible for the docking and undocking of craft attached to the Space Station. 
These boards were part of the MIR's sister ship in Russia.
During the MIR mission, the ship was used for cosmonaut/astronaut training and technical analysis for the Russian Space Agency.
Here is our TORU exhibit at Museum of Discovery in Fort Lauderdale, Florida Here is our TORU exhibit at the Museum of Discovery in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
This picture was taken at the Cosmonaut training Center in Russia and shows the TORU training workstation. A cosmonaut would sit at the controls and watch the TV monitor as a shipped docked or undocked with the spacecraft. They would operate the switches and joysticks while the ship was attempting to dock with the spacecraft. The same system was used aboard the MIR, Salyut and the International Space Station.
Here is a cosmonaut practicing docking maneuvers using the Toru System. The simulator was  located in Star City, Russia.

The Toru system was used on the MIR Space Station, Salyut, and on the (ISS) International Space Station as seen in the picture below.

Cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko (left), and astronaut Edward Lu working the Toru system.

They are in the Zvezda Service Module on the International Space Station (ISS).

Here is one of the
panels mounted in the
MIR Space Station
in orbit above the Earth.

The first element of the
MIR was launched
on February 20, 1986.

The TORU system, a backup teleoperated rendezvous control system, became known to the public when it was used during the catastrophic manual approach of Progress M-34 to Mir on June 25, 1997.
The above TORU Docking System was displayed at the 2000 World's Fair in Hannover, Germany. 

This is a picture of the exhibit in Germany. 
The Sensor Panel is mounted on the left. On the right is the
  PVK Panel and the panel in the center is the PU-BPS. We have all 3 control panels in our
International Space Collection.

MIR endured 15 years in orbit, 3 times its planned lifetime. Over its lifetime, the space station hosted 125 cosmonauts and astronauts from 12 different nations. It supported 17 space expeditions, including 28 long-term crews. After more than 86,000 total orbits, Mir re-entered Earth’s atmosphere on Friday, March 23, 2001, at 9 a.m. Moscow time. The 134-ton space structure broke up over the southern Pacific Ocean.

In September, 2003 we were fortunate enough to actually acquire the 3 main components of the Toru system. 

The rest of the MIR space station's sister ship was ultimately disassembled in Russia and most of the pieces were scraped after the MIR project ended in 2001.

We also have a  MIR Space Station Window Assembly
in our collection.
  Click Here for Pictures & Info.

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